The Mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang, the First Qin Emperor is famous for Terracotta Warriors. This illustrious Mausoleum is situated at Xi’an in the district Lintong in the province of Shaanxi, China. This mausoleum is believed to be constructed during 246 to 208 BC over a period of 38 years and lay buried beneath a 76 meter tall mound tomb. The mound is in rectangular shape and double walled and north-south positioned in the inner city facing towards east. The mausoleum is spread over inner and outer cities Qin and capital Xianyang. The inner city is with 2.5 kilometer circumference and outer city is with 6.3 kilometer circumference.
Large number of Terracotta Warriors:
The mausoleum location is 35 kilometers east side of Xian in the eastern suburbs of Lintong County on Lishan Mountain facing the Wei River. The layout is designed to look like a dragon from Lishan to Mount Hua as per the customary Chinese geomancy. The Royal tomb is the bull mark of the dragon. There are about 200 pits adjacent to the imperial tomb where thousands of life size terracotta soldiers buried along with horses, bronze chariots, weapons and various types of statues of birds and animals. The entire historical treasures spread over 56.25 square kilometers and nearly 600 sites are identified so far.
The mausoleum is much bigger than the largest Egyptian pyramid. The mausoleum is build under a huge mound and trees are grown over the mound. When looking in to the interior and exterior city, the exterior city is having a wide base and looks like a low pyramid shape. The original height of the mound is calculated as 100 meter which has weathered down to 47 meters over a period of 2000 years. It has a length of 515 meters from south to north and has a width of 485 meters from east to west. The total area of the mausoleum is about 2,180,000 square meters.
The nearest metro city is Xian which is well connected by air, rail and road net work services. From Xian there are regular bus services operating to the mausoleum site. Special conducted tour services are also available. Battery powered car service also available to roam within the mausoleum city. There are free shuttle services between Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum and Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses available for tourists who are having entry tickets. The entry fee is CNY 150 per head during March to November and CNY 120 per head during December to February.
The mausoleum is one of the rarest of its type anywhere you cannot find in the world. Its constructions, burial tombs, technology, structure etc, reflects the technical and civilization advancement of Qin Dynasty. The unearthed artifacts, metal pots, engraving works shed light on the skillfulness of the artisans lived during those times. The coffin of Emperor Qin Shi Huang was casted in bronze. There are booby traps and automatic shooting arrow systems were placed to protect the tomb from robbers. The mausoleum bears the unique technical and artistic quality of Qin Dynasty.