The Terracotta Army also known as the Terracotta warriors and horses is a very important archeological excavation which is found in twentieth century. The construction is still going on here which is nearly one and half kilometers east of Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang located in Lintong of Xi’an in province of Shaanxi. This spot is a must see for any traveler to China. Qin Shi Huang was China’s first emperor. He ascended his throne when he was thirteen years old. He then started the take initiatives for his burial chamber. Nearly eleven years were needed to complete its work. It is guessed that several buried treasures as well as sacrificial substances have escorted this great emperor in after life.
Close to the majestic tomb, certain peasants found few potteries while they were digging a well. Suddenly, it caught great focus of famous archeologists in China. They visited the spot to learn more and to widen the digs. From further research, it was found that the artifacts got were related to the Qin dynasty who ruled from 211 BC to 206 BC. The China State council approved to construct a big museum on this location in late twentieth century. When construction works were finished, travelers from various parts of world began visiting this place. On itinerary of all tourists, this museum of Qin terracotta warriors and horses is now a famous landmark. The warriors as well as horses are made in life size figures. They are well arranged in a form ready for battle. These are main star characteristics of this museum. In fact, these figures are duplicated forms of how imperial guard must appear during those periods of pomp and energy.
Main sections of Museum of Qin terracotta warriors and horses
The entire museum of Qin terracotta warriors and horses covers a total area of sixteen thousand three hundred square meters. It is divided mainly into 3 sections, namely Pit number 1, pit number 2, and pit number 3. These sections are being tagged on the basis of the order in which it was discovered. The largest section is pit number 1 and it was initially opened for visit of public on the National day of China on first of October in 1979. Here, there are several columns of warriors at front who are followed by war chariots at back.
The pit number 2 was found in the year 1976 and is located nearly twenty meters northeast of pit number 1. It has more than 1000 warriors and ninety wood chariots. In 1994, it was made public. Pit number 3 was found in 1976 about twenty five meters from pit number 1. It was just as command center of armed forces. It was made public in 1989. It contains sixty eight soldiers, four horses and one war chariot. In total, this museum has more than seven thousand pottery soldiers, chariots, weapons and horses. Most unearthed stuffs are restored.
The admission fee varies with season. From March to November, it is 150 Yuan. From December to February it is 120 Yuan. The fee is fro Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shin Huang site Park, Lishan garden, museum of Qin terracotta warriors and horses and shuttle bus services in this area. Guide services are available in English and Chinese language at a rate of 100 Yuan. Bus services are available from Xian Xianyang International Airport, Xian North railway station and Lintong district. Taxies can also be hired. The time recommended for visit is three hours.