Xi’an City Wall is one among the landmarks in China where travelers prefer to visit first. It stretched round the entire ancient city of Xi’an. Its northern side is parallel to Xian railway. Initially, the Xian city was a walled one. At present, too, Xi’an City Wall is regarded as a attraction that divided Xian city into two parts – inner and outer parts. This wall is in fact a massive one – thick, tall and long in dimensions. To inner Xian City, there are mainly two huge entrances, namely North gate and South gate. The entire city is very perfectly positioned along Old City wall.
The history behind Xi’an City Wall
The ancient city wall of Xian was erected during the fourteenth century in the period of Ming dynasty. The area was under rule of great Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang. Years before the flourishing of Ming dynasty, Huizhou was captured by Zhu Yuanzhang. Being warned by a hermit called Zhu Sheng about the future attacks, Emperor was asked to construct tall walls and store plenty of provisions before proclaiming himself as the emperor. Zhu Yuanzhang paid attention to hermit’s words and began the construction on wall. When the entire nation was unified, Zhu Yuanzhang sent certain orders to regional governments to construct the big city walls, on a very large extent. Zhu made certain that the region of central Qin, among all rivers as well as mountains across the globe, is the most strategically secure and powerfully fortified one. The present city wall in fact is an improvement of ancient Tang dynasty arrangement, made as a result of wall building campaign of Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang.
City Wall Structure
Initially, the Xi’an City Wall was constructed using earth which was rammed layer wise. The layer at the base was built using earth, gluey rice extract and quick lime which was tamped altogether. This made the wall very firm as well as strong. After that, this was brick enclosed totally. A deep and broad moat ran all around Xi’an city. There was a big drawbridge over this deep moat. Once lifted, this bridge had ability to cut off its path in and out of Xi’an city.
The city wall was enlarged during period of Ming dynasty. It has a height of twelve meters. It is nearly twelve to thirteen meters in dimensions across top and has thickness of fifteen to eighteen meters at bottom area. The length is 13.7 kilometers. A rampart exists in every one hundred twenty meters. They are towers which expand out much from main wall. These were constructed to permit warriors to view opponents attempting to climb the city wall. The space between ramparts is in range of arrows that are fired from both sides. Thus city wall permitted soldiers to safeguard the whole city wall with no further expose of the soldiers to enemies. In total, there were ninety eight ramparts that possessed a sentry structure over its top it. Every city gate possesses 3 gate towers, namely Zhalou, Zhenglou and Jianlou.
Travelers can ascend Xi’an City Wall via its city gated. There are eighteen city gates in total, but not all are open for the visitors. Bus services are available to specific gates. Cycling is allowed here and it offers an interesting and enjoyable experience. It takes nearly two hours to cycle round the city wall at average speed. The deposit to get cycle is two hundred Yuan. A single bicycle cost forty Yuan for every hundred minutes. For tandem bicycle, it is eighty Yuan. Sightseeing battery car can be rent to see the places. The City wall opens at 8 am. The closing time varies according to gate. The admission fee is generally 54 Yuan for adults and 27 Yuan for kids.